Health for the Bulgarians has always been one of the most important things in life. The main law of the country – The constitution of Bulgaria – gives the equal right of healthcare to every citizen.
After the accession of Bulgaria into the European union in 2007, the health policies of the Government aim to meet the requirement of the EU. Bulgaria is in the European region of the World Health Organization and is following the European policy for health and well-being: “Health 2020”.
The Ministry of health of Bulgaria
This is the central institution that is responsible for the implementation of the official government policies throughout the country. The main administrative organ on the management of the National health system is the Minister of healthcare who is assigned by the government and is responsible for the control on the activities of all institutions.
A significant influence on the healthcare in Bulgaria has the Bulgarian medical association, which was established in 1901 and is the second professional medical association in the world (after the British Medical association). During some periods in history, the Bulgarian medical society has even had the functions of a Ministry of healthcare.
Regional health inspectorates are responsible for the administration of district hospitals and the application of the government policies and international standards locally, control over all medical activities, the provision of statistical information and also ensure that laws like the ban on smoking in public places are effectively enforced. There is a health inspectorate in every administrative region of the country.
Medical Universities of Bulgaria
The main institutions for certification of physicians are the medical universities and the hospitals that provide traineeship. Some of them have started offering education in English in recent years and are attracting foreign students because of the lower taxes and the high quality of the education.
The Medical university of Sofia is the oldest medical university in Bulgaria – established in 1917, with almost a century of experience in scientific studies, provides some of the best trained specialists in Europe. The university has four faculties: Faculty of Medicine, Faculty of Dental medicine, Faculty of Pharmacy and a Faculty of Public health. It offers education in both English and Bulgarian.
Trakia university is a an autonomous state university that was established in 1995 in Stara Zagora and is focused on Veterinary medicine, but also offers Medicine, Nursing and Health care management bachelor courses. A program of Veterinary medicine in English is available – it is a 5.5 year program for a master’s degree and a 3 years for a doctoral degree. The university has a department of Medical physics, biophysics, rentgenology and radiology.
The Medical university of Plovdiv, in the second largest city of Bulgaria, was established in 1945 as a Medical faculty of the Plovdiv university and five years later, in 1950, was converted into a medical academy. Today, with over 70 years of experience, the university offers high education programs in English and Bulgarian in a Medical, Pharmaceutical, a Public health and Dental medicine faculty.
The Medical university of Varna is a high-tech modern university that was established in 1960 and offers programs in Medicine, Public health, Pharmacy and Dental medicine in English, Bulgarian and Romanian. Courses of Bulgarian language are organized for the foreign students. It has some of the highest results in accreditation, meaning that provides highest quality of medical education. Since 1997 the medical college of Varna is affiliated with the Medical university.